Joint Preservation Surgery Using Arthroscopy

Understanding Joint Preservation

Joint preservation surgery is a specialized field focused on maintaining and improving the function of a joint while preserving its natural structure. This approach is ideal for individuals suffering from joint damage due to injury, arthritis, or other degenerative conditions. The primary goal is to alleviate pain, enhance mobility, and delay or avoid the need for joint replacement surgery.

Causes of Joint Damage

  • Traumatic Injuries: Accidents or sports injuries that result in fractures, dislocations, or ligament tears.
  • Degenerative Conditions: Osteoarthritis and other forms of arthritis that wear down cartilage over time.
  • Overuse Injuries: Repetitive motion or excessive strain leading to joint wear and tear.
  • Congenital Abnormalities: Conditions present at birth that affect joint structure and function.

Indication for Joint Preservation

  • Chronic Pain: Persistent pain that affects daily activities and does not improve with conservative treatments.
  • Joint Stiffness: Reduced flexibility and difficulty in moving the joint.
  • Swelling and Inflammation: Ongoing swelling that affects joint function.
  • Decreased Range of Motion: Difficulty in performing normal movements due to joint restrictions.

Causes of Joint Damage

To determine the appropriate joint preservation approach, a comprehensive diagnostic process is essential:

  • Medical History: Detailed review of the patient’s joint problems, previous injuries, and overall health.
  • Physical Examination: Assessment of joint function, range of motion, and pain points.
  • Imaging Tests: X-rays, MRI, or CT scans to evaluate the extent of joint damage and plan the treatment.

Arthroscopic Techniques for Joint Preservation

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses a small camera (arthroscope) and specialized instruments to diagnose and treat joint issues. This technique is particularly effective for joint preservation due to its precision and minimal recovery time. Key arthroscopic techniques include:
  • Cartilage Repair and Restoration: Procedures such as microfracture, autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI), and osteochondral grafting to restore damaged cartilage.
  • Ligament and Tendon Repair: Reconstructing or repairing torn ligaments and tendons to stabilize the joint.
  • Synovectomy: Removal of inflamed synovial tissue to reduce pain and improve joint function.
  • Debridement: Cleaning out loose cartilage or bone fragments from the joint.
  • Capsular Release: Cutting tight portions of the joint capsule to improve mobility.
Arthroscopic Joint Preservation

Benefits of Arthroscopic Joint Preservation Surgery

  • Minimally Invasive: Small incisions lead to less pain, reduced scarring, and quicker recovery.
  • Precision: Enhanced visualization allows for accurate diagnosis and treatment.
  • Shorter Recovery Time: Patients typically experience faster healing compared to traditional surgery.
  • Preservation of Natural Joint: Helps maintain the natural joint structure and delay or avoid joint replacement surgery.

Consult Us

If you’re experiencing joint pain or mobility issues, don’t wait to seek help. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn more about how arthroscopic joint preservation surgery can restore your joint function and improve your quality of life.