Frozen Shoulder

Understanding Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder, medically known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition marked by stiffness and pain in the shoulder joint. It often progresses in three stages: the freezing stage (pain and limited movement), the frozen stage (less pain but more stiffness), and the thawing stage (gradual improvement in motion). This condition can severely impact daily activities, making simple tasks challenging.

Frozen Shoulder

Causes of Frozen Shoulder

The exact cause of frozen shoulder remains unclear, but several factors are associated with its development:

    • Injury or Surgery: Shoulder injuries or surgeries that restrict movement can lead to frozen shoulder.
    • Prolonged Immobility: Extended periods of inactivity due to medical conditions or prolonged immobilization can cause stiffness.
    • Medical Conditions: Diabetes, thyroid disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and other systemic conditions increase the risk.

Symptoms of Frozen Shoulder

  • Pain: Persistent pain, especially during the freezing stage, can disrupt sleep and daily activities.
  • Stiffness: Significant loss of shoulder movement, making it difficult to perform routine tasks.
  • Limited Range of Motion: Difficulty in lifting the arm or reaching behind the back.

Diagnosing Frozen Shoulder

A thorough diagnosis involves:

  • Medical History Review: Understanding past injuries, surgeries, and medical conditions.
  • Physical Examination: Assessing shoulder movement and pinpointing areas of pain.
  • Imaging Tests: X-rays or MRI to exclude other conditions and confirm the diagnosis.

Arthroscopic Treatment for Frozen Shoulder

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that offers a highly effective treatment for frozen shoulder. This approach involves using a small camera (arthroscope) and specialized instruments inserted through tiny incisions to treat the affected area.

The Arthroscopic Procedure

  • Anesthesia: The patient is placed under general anesthesia to ensure comfort.
  • Incisions: Small incisions are made around the shoulder.
  • Insertion of Arthroscope: A camera is inserted to provide a clear view of the joint.
  • Capsular Release: Tight portions of the joint capsule are cut to improve mobility.
  • Removal of Adhesions: Scar tissue causing stiffness is carefully removed.
  • Closure: Incisions are closed with sutures or surgical tape, and a bandage is applied.
Frozen Shoulder

Postoperative Care and Rehabilitation

Recovery from arthroscopic treatment involves:

  • Physical Therapy: Customized exercises to restore shoulder movement and strength.
  • Pain Management: Medications to control pain and inflammation.
  • Home Care: Applying ice packs, gentle stretching, and avoiding strenuous activities.
  • Follow-Up Visits: Regular check-ups to monitor progress and adjust the treatment plan as needed.

Contact Us

If you’re struggling with frozen shoulder and seeking relief, our team is here to help. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn more about how arthroscopic treatment can restore your shoulder function.